Shivers' quashed conviction 'scandalous'

Published Tuesday, 15 January 2013
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The mother of one of the British soldiers shot dead at Massereene Army Barracks says it is "scandalous" that a man jailed over the killings has had his conviction quashed.

Shivers' quashed conviction 'scandalous'
Brian Shivers at Antrim Court last year. (© PA)

The Court of Appeal ruled that the guilty verdict returned against Brian Shivers was unsafe because no finding was made on when he allegedly became aware of the murder plot.

Shivers will now remain in custody until the Public Prosecution Service decides whether to seek a retrial.

The 47-year-old, from Magherafelt, Co Londonderry, was challenging his conviction for the murders of Sappers Mark Quinsey, 23, and 21-year-old Patrick Azimkar.

Speaking from her home in London, Geraldine Azimkar said Tuesday's decision has left their family disillusioned with the criminal justice system.

"It seems scandalous really that this terrible murder happened and the attempted murders happened and it looks like no one is going to be held to account for it," Mrs Azimkar said.

We feel very let down by the criminal justice system. It does not seem to work for the victims of crime.

Geraldine Azimkar

"It is the failure of the criminal justice system, which is very highly loaded in favour of the defendant and therefore against the interests of victims and their loved ones.

"We feel there is no justice and it is going to be very hard to get peace in Northern Ireland when they see there is no justice.

"The whole thing is awful from start to finish."

The victims were gunned down by the Real IRA as they collected pizza at the gates of Massereene Barracks in Co Antrim in March 2009. The shootings were carried out hours before the soldiers were due to be deployed to Afghanistan.

Last February, Shivers was ordered to serve a minimum 25 years in prison for his part in the killings.

He was also found guilty of six counts of attempted murder and one of possession of two firearms with intent to endanger life.

His co-accused, Colin Duffy, a 45-year-old republican from Lurgan, Co Armagh, was acquitted of all charges, including the two murders.

Shivers, who suffers from cystic fibrosis and has only a few years to live, was originally found guilty as a secondary party who aided and abetted by setting fire to the getaway car.

DNA analysis had established a link to matches found in the partially burnt-out Vauxhall Cavalier used by the gunmen.

But Shivers' lawyers argued that it was legally impossible for him to be convicted of murder because there was no actus reus, or criminal act, prior to the murder.

Delivering judgment on Tuesday, Lord Chief Justice Sir Declan Morgan said the trial judge had not dealt with the concept of a joint enterprise.

"The issue for the court was whether it should be inferred that there was a common enterprise to which the appellant agreed prior to the attack to carry out a shooting attack with intent to kill," Sir Declan pointed out.

We do not accept that a person who provides assistance after a murder with full knowledge of what has happened thereby becomes guilty of murder.

Sir Declan Morgan

Sir Declan, sitting with Lord Justices Higgins and Girvan, held that the test applied by the trial judge required no knowledge of the attack until a rendez-vous with the gunmen.

"The learned trial judge made no findings as to when the appellant had the relevant knowledge."

He added: "We conclude, therefore, that the appeal must be allowed."

Lawyers were told that a slot was available next month at Belfast Crown Court for a possible retrial.

Counsel for the PPS is expected to confirm on Wednesday whether it is seeking fresh criminal proceedings.

A spokesperson said: "The PPS will inform the Court of Appeal of its decision whether or not it's seeking a retrial."

Shivers, who maintains his innocence, appeared by prison video link to hear the outcome of his appeal. His lawyer said he was relieved by the verdict but expressed concerns about his health.

Niall Murphy, of Kevin R Winters and Co, said: "This is example of the justice system working, however we are gravely concerned at our client's ongoing acute medical condition.

"He has been admitted to hospital for 56 days across three separate admissions since the hearing of his appeal in May and he is routinely refused access to his medication.

"Mr Shivers has been through a terrible ordeal whereby he has been repeatedly assaulted /abused whilst in prison and in hospital where he is continuously under armed guard."

He added: "Mr Shivers looks forward to the end of this ordeal and hopes that this judgement is the first step towards that."

A Ministry of Defence spokesman spokesman said: "Our thoughts remain with the families of Sappers Patrick Azimkar and Mark Quinsey at this extremely difficult time."

© UTV News
Comments Comments
43 Comments
realistic in planet earth wrote (701 days ago):
@gazza in belfast wrote (1 day ago): totally disgusting the small amount of convictions regarding republican terrorist activity , the police need to do more to smash the republican terror groups who are still intent on bloody mayhem and murder. Gazza, maybe if the police weren't wasting resources on rioting they could get scum like this behind bars........
Marty in Singapore wrote (701 days ago):
Frustrated! What are is the NI DPP doing! This was always going to happen. The DPP got greedy... They had a safe case for burning the car but they pushed a much wider prosecution case... Whatever reason... The strategy hasn't worked out. Sometimes we need to go for the safe convictions.
Breandán in Belfast wrote (701 days ago):
Sharon in Belfast - Your grammar is also not perfect. You are indeed correct about the use of 'is'. However, you said "someone elses grammar". You should have written "someone else's grammar". The apostrophe is important in this case. I actually find it hard to believe that this is turning into a debate on English grammar.
Tommy in Belfast wrote (701 days ago):
Sharon in Belfast - since we're playing a game of pedantic one-upmanship.( and isn't that what internet forums are actually for? ) In British English, it is generally accepted that collective nouns can take either singular or plural verb forms depending on the context and the metonymic shift that it implies. For example, "the team is in the dressing room" (formal agreement) refers to the team as an ensemble, whilst "the team are fighting among themselves" (notional agreement) refers to the team as individuals. This is also British English practice with names of countries and cities in sports contexts; for example, "Germany have won the competition.", "Madrid have lost three consecutive matches.", etc. In American English, collective nouns almost invariably take singular verb forms (formal agreement). In cases where a metonymic shift would be otherwise revealed nearby, the whole sentence may be recast to avoid the metonymy. (For example, "The team are fighting among themselves" may become "the team members are fighting among themselves" or simply "The team is fighting.") Nice view from up on this high horse.
Sharon in Belfast wrote (701 days ago):
Mike in Belfast - you're being pedantic in criticising someone elses grammar when in fact "PSNI is ... " was correct in the first place. PSNI is a singular organisation and therefore "is" is right. However, if he had said PSNI Officers then of course it would be "PSNI Officers "are" ...". So I would advise you to get your facts straight before you climb on your high horse and feel yourself in a position to correct others!
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