The 26-year-old was back in the spotlight over the weekend after accusing Cao Yupeng - who he lost to in the first round of the World Championship - of dishonesty.
Allen said his opponent had failed to own up to a "blatant" push shot during their match's pivotal tenth frame and said he was "disgusted" with the 21-year-old's actions.
"I thought the big turning point in the match was at 5-4 when he was in the balls and Paul Collier, the referee, missed a blatant push," Allen said in the post-match press conference.
"It was quite obvious to me and anyone who was watching at home would have been able to see it."
We have the powers to do anything providing we've acted reasonably. It's a fine, a potential suspension, or a ban.
World Snooker chairman Barry Hearn
He then went on to question the sportsmanship of Chinese players in general - having already caused offence in the country this season over comments made during the World Open, which he went on to win.
"It seems to be a bit of a trait for the Chinese players because there've been instances in the past, of fouls and blatant cheating going on. It needs to be corrected," Allen added on Sunday.
"I'm disgusted that it happened. It shouldn't happen in professional sport."
World Snooker chairman Barry Hearn has said disciplinary chiefs will be dealing with Allen's remarks seriously, and will be taking a "zero tolerance" approach.
"This is a very good time to be a snooker player," Hearn said. "It's not a good time to be an idiot.
"Everywhere we go, these players are ambassadors of snooker. They're chaperones of the image of the game.
"In major expanding markets, and there's no doubt China is that, big time, they have to bear the responsibility of those comments and the potential loss - not to themselves or whether they don't get a visa, but the potential loss to the game in general and the desire for the rest of the players to earn a living playing their chosen sport.
"They have responsibility at every level and it concerns me that sometimes it's a case that the mouth is functioning but the brain has not been consulted."
The World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association (WPBSA) have confirmed they will be writing to Allen to initiate disciplinary proceedings.
WPBSA chairman Jason Ferguson said: "The WPBSA is responsible for the governance of snooker worldwide and takes very seriously comments made which could be perceived to be directed at a particular nation.
"The chairman of the disciplinary committee Nigel Mawer is making further inquiries into this incident. Mark Allen will be given 14 days to respond to the letter."
Meanwhile Cao, shocked by the accusations, spoke out through a translator.
"I was just focusing on playing. I didn't realise if I had fouled. If I fouled, I say sorry. If I didn't foul, and Mark said that, then I would feel very upset and angry," he said.
Allen's comments, which he has since defended on Twitter, are to be closely examined by the World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association.
"I feel I'm quite entitled to say what I did as what I was saying had fact to back it up," he insisted.
But he added: "I underperformed and Cao played very well and was deserving of his victory - if anyone listened to my interview they hear that!"
Allen has also said he is now closing his Twitter account over the aggro he's received.