The 34-year-old was sin binned for his actions during the first half of the match at Stadio Olimpico.
He lifted his right leg and brought it down on the chest of Italy's Simone Favaro.
It is only the second time O'Driscoll has been sent to the sin bin in his 14-year professional career, but he was lucky to have escaped a red card for the incident.
It is thought O'Driscoll was acting out of frustration, as Ireland slumped to their first Six Nations defeat against the Italian side.
The recommended suspension for a low end stamping is two weeks but for more serious offences a player could be out of play for up to one year.
The match is thought to be O'Driscoll's last Test in a green shirt and his lack of previous disciplinary issues in his 125 appearances is thought to count in his favour.
A statement issued by the Six Nations read: "Brian O'Driscoll, the Ireland centre, has been cited by the independent citing commissioner for an alleged stamping or trampling on an opponent, contrary to Law 10.4 (b), in the RBS Six Nations match between Italy and Ireland on Saturday 16th March 2013. Details of the hearing will be announced later."
A suspension could rule out the player for Leinster, as the province faces Wasps on April 5 in the Amlin Challenge Cup quarter-final.
The details of O'Driscoll's citing will not be revealed until a hearing is held into the incident.
Meanwhile, Ireland's Luke Fitzgerald has been ruled out for the remainder of the season, following a knee injury sustained in the same match.
The Leinster man ruptured an anterior cruciate ligament 12 minutes into play after he came on to replace Keith Earls.
"Luke will now require surgery once the swelling settles down and will not return before the season ends," read a statement released by his province Leinster.