The eight women and four men were sent out to consider their verdicts on Monday afternoon, after being told that their assessment of the alleged victim was "critical in this case".
The jury was later discharged for the evening and will have all week if necessary to deliberate.
Le Vell, a 48-year-old father-of-two, is best known as the soap's mechanic Kevin Webster - a role he has played for 30 years.
Under his real name of Michael Turner, he denies five counts of rape, three of indecent assault, two counts of sexual activity with a child, and two of causing a child to engage in sexual activity.
On Monday, press and members of the public packed out the courtroom awaiting a possible verdict.
Le Vell's family was also present to hear the closing submissions of both the prosecution and defence legal teams.
Prosecutor Eleanor Laws QC told the court that the alleged victim had no reason to lie and that the only reason for her allegations was the "uncomfortable truth".
Was she a wicked, convincing liar or did you sit there and think to yourself that she was telling the truth because that is all she can do?
Eleanor Laws QC, prosecutor
Ms Laws urged the jury to examine only their response to the evidence presented and to ignore media reports or any feelings they might have about "witch-hunts" against celebrities.
She added that they might think that it was "such an easy allegation to make", but "difficult to defend". However, she told them that such crimes could happen and could go undetected for years.
Miss Laws further said: "Bear in mind what this witness has put herself through over a long period of time.What has she got to gain from all of that?
"Absolutely nothing, unless it is the truth and that is what she wants to tell you.
"If you are sure that she is telling the truth and not lying, then it is your duty to mark her courage from the witness box with convictions."
Closing for the defence, Alisdair Williamson said it was "a strange case of child rape" without any physical evidence or injuries to the alleged victim.
He also questioned the lack of details in the account of the witness and claimed that differing accounts had been given at various times and to various people.
Addressing the jury, Mr Williamson said: "You are going to throw a man's life away? You are going to cast him to the outer darkness of being a child rapist?
"Where is the consistency, the solidity of evidence on which you are going to be sure?
"Not there, simply not there."
The defence lawyer further told the court that, while Le Vell had problems with alcohol, that did not make him a rapist.
Asking the jury to look at the accused's evidence given in the dock, Mr Williamson said: "Did you think he was acting, or was his evidence the scared and frightened evidence of a man who faces the most unbelievable and terrible thing ever to happen to a man - a girl saying he raped her?"
He added: "He's a man, a weak man, a stupid man, a drunk man, but nothing in this case has taken you anywhere near, I suggest, the level of certainty you would need so you can look in the mirror in the days that come and say: 'I was sure'."
She can't give you details because it did not happen and that's why her story varies according to who she's talking to.
Alisdair Williamson, defence
In his summing up of the case, Judge Michael Henshall warned the jury that they should not let their judgement be clouded by sympathy for either party.
He stressed that neither signs of distress in the witness box, nor the time between an alleged crime and an official complaint, were reliable guides to the truth.
Judge Henshall added that, if the Crown was right and the alleged victim was a truthful witness, then she was someone who was recalling traumatic events from an early age.
But he told the court that the other side of the coin was that she was "dishonest" and had come to court to "quite literally destroy" the life of the defendant.
In dismissing the jury, he said: "There is no question of you being rushed."
Deliberations will continue on Tuesday morning.