Police were called to the gated community in Calabasas on Thursday night after a resident claimed to have caught the Baby hitmaker hurling eggs at his front door.
The local, who has not been named, allegedly shouted at the singer from his balcony, yelling, "What the hell are you doing?"
Police filed an incident report over the reported run-in and now authorities from the Los Angeles County Sheriff Department Office reveals Bieber could face prosecution.
Lieutenant Jennifer Barsh tells People.com: "It's currently under investigation and (Bieber) is a named suspect."
The victim claims the 19 year old's alleged antics caused $400 (£250) in property damage, reports TMZ.com.
Representatives for the pop superstar have yet to comment on the reports.
Bieber is said to have fallen out with the neighbour before, but it's not the first time he's been accused of behaving badly in his neighbourhood - he has previously been accused of disturbing the peace by holding loud parties at his house, while he has also been blasted for allegedly speeding in the area.